Cary, North Carolina, pharmacist Sherif El-Refai holds a Pharm.D. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and an MBA from the University of Florida. His broad experience includes both pharmaceutical practice and research, and he has aided significant discoveries in the field of pharmacogenomics. A member of the American Pharmacists Association (APhA), Sherif El-Refai holds additional certifications in immunization, anticoagulation, and advanced cardiovascular life support (ACLS).
Administered by the American Heart Association, ACLS certification requires knowledge of not only post-cardiac-arrest care, but also of effective emergency response team dynamics. Held in large classroom sessions and smaller, case-based testing scenarios, the ACLS certification program presents critical knowledge for a wide range of healthcare professionals who may face cardiovascular emergencies, including healthcare providers in intensive care, critical care, or emergency medicine units.
The ACLS classroom program instructs students on the recognition of both respiratory and cardiac arrest, in addition to symptomatic bradycardia and other peri-arrest conditions. It addresses early management strategies for these medical emergencies, as well as airway management, basic life support skills, and relevant pharmacology. Additionally, the course assists healthcare providers in responding to instances of stroke or acute coronary syndromes. Focusing on the importance of cooperation in cardiovascular life support, the educational program also presents strategies for effective communication and leadership while working with a resuscitation team.