Vaccination and Screening Prevent Cervical Cancer

Markey Cancer Center  pic
Markey Cancer Center
Image: ukhealthcare.uky.edu

A PhD candidate at the University of Kentucky (UK), Sherif El-Refai focuses his studies on clinical and experimental therapeutics. Sherif El-Refai also works as an oncology pharmacist at UK Hospital’s Markey Cancer Center, which published an article in early 2017 advocating for vaccination and screening to prevent cervical cancer.

Markey Cancer Center offers screenings for a variety of cancers, including cervical cancer. Unfortunately, Kentucky has one of the highest rates of cervical cancer incidence and death in the United States. These are grim statistics, especially given that cervical cancer can be prevented by vaccination and regular screening.

Virtually all cervical carcinomas are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). At some point, most sexually active women get HPV. However, only 5 to 15 percent develop cervical pre-cancer, and even fewer develop cervical cancer. Regular use of tobacco and birth control pills, among other factors, increase the risk of developing the cancer.

The Centers for Disease Control recommends all 11- to 12-year-old girls and boys receive the HPV vaccine via two does spaced six to 12 months apart. Vaccination should be followed later in life by regular cervical cancer screenings.

Cervical cancer often does not exhibit any symptoms until its advanced stages. According to Markey Cancer Center, getting vaccinated and following up with regular screenings is the best way to prevent cervical cancer.